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Quickstart Development Guide - WHM
Custom WHM applications automate and customize server administration tasks. Third-party developers can create WHM applications for distribution to their customers in the hosting community. Server administrators can create private applications to streamline daily activities.
Get started developing for WHM
Get a development license
If you do not already have access to a cPanel & WHM server, get a development license and install cPanel & WHM.
Many WHM developers will require
root-level access to the server in order to call the desired functions or troubleshoot their custom code.
Get to know the WHM API
Almost all WHM development projects require the use the WHM APIs. The WHM API contains functions that access all of the functionality that users can find in the WHM interface.
Do not attempt to use cPanel or WHM interface URLs to perform actions in custom code. You must call the appropriate API functions in order to perform the actions of cPanel & WHM's interfaces.
For example, do not pass values to
.html pages, as in the following example:
While this unsupported method sometimes worked in previous versions of cPanel & WHM, we strongly discourage its use and do not guarantee that it will work in the future. Instead, the correct method to perform this action is to call the appropriate API function.
- The current WHM API version is WHM API 1 .
- You can call the WHM API through your web browser, the command line, custom scripts or modules, or WHM's API Shell interface ( WHM >> Home >> Development >> API Shell ).
- XML output is not compliant with XML standards, and it may result in validation errors. We strongly recommend that you use JSON.
cPanel & WHM version 66 deprecated XML output.
- Calls for XML API output will return a deprecation warning.
- We plan to remove XML output entirely in a future version of cPanel & WHM. For more information, read our cPanel Deprecation Plan documentation.
For more information, read our Guide to WHM API 1 documentation.
Try out the Standardized Hooks system
Many WHM development projects use the Standardized Hooks system. You can create Standardized Hooks for many of WHM's functions, and cause them to trigger your own custom code in order to customize WHM's functionality.
- You can write Standardized Hooks as custom Perl modules, or as Perl or PHP scripts.
- Standardized Hooks can trigger before or after API functions or interface actions.
For more information, read our Guide to Standardized Hooks documentation.
Write your application's backend code
After you are familiar with the WHM API and Standardized Hooks, you can write your application.
- Most developers write cPanel & WHM applications in PHP or Perl.
- If you develop in Perl, read our Guide to Perl in cPanel & WHM documentation.
- Applications that integrate with WHM must authenticate as a WHM user. For more information, read our Guide to API Authentication documentation.
Add interfaces to WHM
Developers can add interfaces to WHM and add the interfaces' icons to WHM's Plugins section (WHM >> Home >> Plugins). We recommend that you write WHM interfaces as Template Toolkit templates.
- You can use the Package Extensions system to add custom application settings and variables to WHM's account and package interfaces.
- cPanel & WHM's locale system can localize interfaces as well as command line output, which allows you to make your application usable globally.
For more information, read our Guide to WHM Plugins documentation.
Register your application
WHM plugins require registration if they include additions to the WHM interface. Many scripts and some applications, however, do not need to register if they run only in the background or from the command line.
When your application is ready, if you need to register it in the WHM interface, use the AppConfig system.
Test your code
cPanel Technical Support cannot always assist third-party developers with problems that relate to custom code. For this reason, always test your projects thoroughly before you attempt to use them on production servers.
You can avoid many common issues when you test your code regularly throughout the development process. Make certain that you evaluate the testing requirements of your own code, and allow its functionality to determine the appropriate steps.
For suggested testing steps, read our Guide to Testing Custom Code documentation.
Need more help?
Several options are available if you need help with a development project:
- Ask your question on our cPanel Developers Forum .
- Reach out to us in Discord .
If you think that you found a bug in an API or another cPanel development tool, contact cPanel Technical Support with your issue.